Alcatraz Warden Johnston telegram pleading for help. 006.JPG 43.78K 74 downloads
"Major histories of the Corps, written by its most loyal proponents, do not mention the battle. The name Alcatraz is not engraved on the Marine Corps War Memorial in Arlington, Virginia, and no battle streamer for the action is affixed to the Battle Color of the Marine Corps. Although small by any standard, the Battle of Alcatraz may have been one of the most important fights ever engaged in by Marines. It occurred at a time when the very existence of the Corps was on the line.."
"The warden did not want to use the heavy weapons the Marines had brought inside the prison, so Buckner devised a plan to get at the convicts from above. Buckner, a seasoned veteran, knew explosives. Climbing to the cell house roof, he drilled holes in the roof along the track of the crawl space corridor. Most of this area consisted of ventilation shafts that ran over the crawl space. Using two strings (one to pull the firing pin), he systematically lowered fragmentation and concussion grenades into the tight area. Varying the height and position of the explosions, he cleared the expanse along the cell block, blasting every portion of the enclosure. The three convicts were in untenable positions as they moved to avoid the explosions. Trying to hide behind the plumbing, they were, nonetheless, slowly riddled by shrapnel. Buckner estimated he had dropped 500 grenades, and after several hours informed the warden that he believed no one could have lived through the bombardment."
from Lieutenant Colonel George S. Converse, U.S. Marine Corps (Retired) article in : Naval History Magazine December, 2015.jpg 33.29K 64 downloads
Marine Warrant Officer Charles Buckner in photo
011.JPG 47.15K 55 downloads
Alcatraz Guard Tower TSMG kit:
"A gun tower guard is equipped with a rifle, a .45 automatic, a machine gun and gas
grenades. Each tower is covered by at least one other gun tower. Guards passing from the
armory, where they get their weapons, to the towers to change watches, are in sight of a
guard post constantly. So are the guards who leave the towers when their watches end and
return to the armory to surrender their weapons."
Alcatraz Colt TSMG.jpg 45.22K 81 downloads
German Shepherds replace TSMG's to restore order on Alcatraz after expulsion of Native Americans.
Guard John Geagan and Whiskey July, 1971
native-americans-1971-san-francisco-usa-shutterstock-editorial-6603788a.jpg 201.48K 74 downloads 012.JPG 79.09K 44 downloads